GASP is a research group whose historical focus is the modeling of process equipment/units.
The development of more and more reliable commercial simulators might make the mission of the group seem less effective.
On the contrary, the coupling with an in depth modeling of thermodynamic phenomena which represent the core of the separation processes and with a multiphysic approach to complex phenomena (e.g., the mass transfer with reaction in the amine washing) has allowed to go beyond the simple use of commercial simulators by utilizing them as frameworks on which to develop simulation packages with high prediction level.
Though GASP has got expertise in modeling/simulation of different equipment/processes of the oil & gas, petrochemical and process industries, at the present the main research topics are related to the carbon capture and storage (CCS) sector, where the CO2 removal can be applied to the purification of natural gas, flue gas from power plants, syngas and refinery gas.
Another important research topic is represented by cryogenic separations, typically for CO2 removal, but properly applied to other fields, such as isotope separation by means of cryogenic distillation or the optimization of the LNG supply chain.
The analysis of cryogenic separations cannot leave out of consideration a deep thermodynamic study of the solid-liquid-vapor equilibria, that GASP is carrying out in collaboration with other groups involved in experimental thermodynamic studies.